STREAM: The Politics of Development in Africa

STREAM: The Politics of Development in Africa

This stream invites papers and panels which explore the impact of politics – broadly defined – on, and in, African states and societies. Panels may include examination of:

– Democracy, participation and elections

– Authoritarian rule and the ‘developmental state’

– Leadership and political settlements

– The politics of the ‘everyday’

– Donors, aid and the international politics of development

 

Confirmed Panels

Panel 1: The Return of Authoritarian Developmentalists? Emerging Strategies, Ideologies and International Enablers I: Political and Economic Strategies

Chair: Dye, Barnaby (University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom)

Discussant: Fisher, Jonathan (University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom)

  • Making Ethiopia the Manufacturing Hub of Africa: Ideas and Policy Practices in the Apparel Export Sector, Whitfield, Lindsay (Centre of African Economies, University of Roskilde, Roskilde, Denmark)
  • Tanzania and the Limits of an ‘Authoritarian Advantage’, Gray, Hazel (University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom)
  • The politics of Distribution in Ethiopia’s ‘Development State’: Ideas and Interests in the Evolution of EPRDF Policy, Lavers, Tom (Lecturer in Politics & Development, Global Development Institute, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom)
  • “To be Decided”, Armon, Jeremy (Doctoral Student, University of Edinburgh, London, United Kingdom)

Panel 2: The Return of Authoritarian Developmentalists? Emerging Strategies, Ideologies and International Enablers II: Ideology and Political Ideas

Chair: Dye, Barnaby (University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom)

Discussant: de Oliveira, Ricardo Soares (University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom)

This panel will investigate the apparent rise of authoritarian states in Africa with strident state-led development visions. Over the last two-decades countries like Rwanda, Ethiopia and Angola have emerged from periods of conflict with illiberal governments bent on grand visions for economic growth. Similarly, countries like Uganda and Tanzania have experienced longer-lasting regimes consolidating political power in multi-party systems with visions of interventionist development. Interestingly, many of these countries draw their domestic and international legitimacy from such promises of development. The commodity price boom even saw the fulfilment of elements of these development visions for some countries, underpinning GDP growth and a new wave of infrastructure in energy and transport that suggests success. A crucial part of the phenomenon of recent “Authoritarian Developmentalists” have been their international enablers. Most notable are the so-called new donors from rising power countries like China and India, but private sector investment and ‘traditional’ donors reengaging to some extent with state-led development, are also important.

The model, and arguably the ideology, behind these states appears to invoke an early phase of post-independence/late colonial development involving similar, high modernist flagship infrastructure projects and a state-led development model. This panel will try to dissect the apparent rise of “Authoritarian Developmentalists”, mainly through specific case study countries, but also including some broader analyses. It will ask to what extent the phenomenon can be considered returned, persistent or changed from practices of the past. It will delve into the ideology shaping national visions, specifically considering the potential presence of high modernism among other influences. This set of thinking and entailed practise is commonly associated with post-WWII development era, whose high modernist ideology prescribed expert-led, top-down and teleological ideas of technology-induced change. This even appears to influence policy and rhetorics in notable Authoritarian Developmentalists, from Rwanda to Angola. The panel will examine the drivers for authoritarian developmentalist strategies. This will also analyse the global picture of international actors that have enabled the implementation of such development paths. These not only include ‘rising power’ institutions and companies, but also ‘traditional’ donors and multilateral banks who have re-engaged in infrastructure finance. Moreover, the private sector has become increasingly important in stimulating investment and thereby enabling the implementation of state-directed development.

However, its main focus will be to analyse the models pursued by these developmentally focused states, the ideologies that have influenced them and translation of these ideology(ies) into policy practises.

  • Dam Building by the Illiberal Modernisers: High Modernism in Rwanda and Tanzania’s resurgent Dam-Construction? Dye, Barnaby (Doctoral Researcher, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom)
  • Did High-Modernism Ever Vanish? Echoes from Mozambique and Tanzania, Buur, Lars (Associate Professor , Centre for African Economies , University of Roskilde, Roskilde, Denmark) and Jacob, Thabit (Doctoral Researcher, Centre for African Economies, University of Roskilde, Roskilde, Denmark)
  • Understanding Continuity and Change in Dominant Party Politics: Chama Cha Mapinduzi under President Magufuli, Collord, Michaela (New College, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom)
  • Of Developmental Armies and Command Posts: Interrogating the Ideology and Strategy of the Ethiopian developmental State, Kefale, Asnake (Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

Panel 3: Patronage, Politics and the Moral Economy of Electoral Politics

Chair: Tapscott, Rebecca (The Graduate Institute, Geneva, Switzerland)

Discussant: Fisher, Jonathan (University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom)

The form of democratic practices and processes have proliferated across African countries since the end of the Cold War. However, many scholars have noted a democratic deficit, fueled by governing logics of patrimonialism, clientelism, nepotism and corruption—some even argue that this deficit has grown in recent years. Nonetheless, citizens of African countries continue to enact democratic participation, going to the polls and casting votes in higher rates than their western counter-parts. This panel takes this paradox as its starting point, asking contributors to reflect on the moral economy of democracy in the African context. How are neopatrimonial relationships translated into the language and images of morality? More specifically, how do political figures enact or lay claim to moral action? How do such actions and claims translate into the relationship between constituents and their elected representatives? Can any lessons be drawn from the African experience for the wider world? This panel particularly solicits papers that survey the literature, that employ novel methods, or that attempt to test popular theories.

  • Moral? Normative? Political? Taking Politics in Africa Seriously, Roelofs, Portia (LSE, London, United Kingdom)
  • Far from ‘the Madding Crowd’: The Co-production of Mass Political Endorsement in Tanzania, Paget, Dan (University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom)
  • Stomach Infrastructure vs. Real Infrastructure? Patronage, Personality, Policy, and Political Allegiance in a Nigerian Governorship Election, Husaini, Sa’eed (University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom)
  • Recycling of Political Actors in Africa: Experienced or Retrogressive Governance in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic? Oyebode, Musibau (National Open University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria)

Panel 4: Institutions, Power, and the Moral Economy of Electoral Politics

Chair: Tapscott, Rebecca (The Graduate Institute, Geneva, Switzerland)

Discussant: Rakner , Lise (University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway)

The form of democratic practices and processes have proliferated across African countries since the end of the Cold War. However, many scholars have noted a democratic deficit, fueled by governing logics of patrimonialism, clientelism, nepotism and corruption—some even argue that this deficit has grown in recent years. Nonetheless, citizens of African countries continue to enact democratic participation, going to the polls and casting votes in higher rates than their western counter-parts. This panel takes this paradox as its starting point, asking contributors to reflect on the moral economy of democracy in the African context. How are neopatrimonial relationships translated into the language and images of morality? More specifically, how do political figures enact or lay claim to moral action? How do such actions and claims translate into the relationship between constituents and their elected representatives? Can any lessons be drawn from the African experience for the wider world? This panel particularly solicits papers that survey the literature, that employ novel methods, or that attempt to test popular theories.

  • Mobilizing for change: How party mobilizers deal with electoral uncertainty in hybrid regimes, Hansen Helle, Svein-Erik,(University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway)
  • Political skepticism and false representation: Sub-national politicking in northern Uganda, Tapscott, Rebecca, (The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, Switzerland)
  • The moral economy of elections in Africa”, Cheeseman, Nic, (University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom), Willis, Justin,(Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom), Lynch, Gabrielle, (Warwick University, Warwick, United Kingdom)”
  • ‘Mid-Twentieth Century Black Cultural Citizenship and African Internationalism’, Fejzula, Merve, (University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom)

Panel 5: Donors, Aid and the International Politics of Development

  • Informal Institutions, Interests and Bypasses in Malawi’s Development Aid Landscape: Political Economy Perspective, Chasukwa, Michael (University of Leeds and University of Malawi, Leeds, United Kingdom)
  • What is South Korea’s Motivation in Supporting Authoritarian Regimes Through Development Co-operation? The Case of its Engagement in Rwanda, Cho, Joonhwa (SOAS, University of London, London, United Kingdom)
  • State Discourse and the Other: A Case Study of the Ethiopian Herald as Vector of Transmission to Development Aid Donors, Bayle, Gabrielle (School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, London, United Kingdom)
  • Assembling Civil Society: Donors, Democracy Promotion, and NGOs in Zimbabwe, Chipato (Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom)
  • Increasing security? US post-9/11 policies and Radicalization in Kenya, Papale, Simon (University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom)

Panel 6: Democracy, Participation and Elections

  • The struggle to improve women’s political participation in Kenya under the 2010 Constitution, Kenny, Christina (Australian National University, Canberra, Australia)
  • Populist Competition and Voter Mobilization in the 2016 South African Local Elections, Braun, Michael (University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada)
  • A Hindrance or a Help? The Role of Ethnicity in Opposition Pre-Electoral Coalition-Building in Zimbabwe, Zambia and Uganda, Beardsworth, Nicole (University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom)
  • Double Standards: The Verdicts of Western Election Observers in sub-Saharan Africa, Dodsworth, Susan (University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom)
  • Diaspora Participation in Home Land Politics: A Case Study of Malian Immigrants in Nigeria, Ayodokun, Osuolale Joseph (University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria)

Panel 7: Democracy, Development and Legitimacy in Post-Liberation Africa 

Chair: Fisher, Jonathan (University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom)

  • Rethinking the “Great-Run”? The Quest for Democracy and Development in Ethiopia. , Mane, Frew Yirgalem (Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia)
  • Liberation Movements and Stalled Democratic Transitions: Reproducing Power in Rwanda and South Africa through Productive Liminality, Beresford, Alexander (University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom), Berry, Marie (University of Denver, Denver, United States) and Mann, Laura (London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom)
  • Chambers of Commerce and the Ethiopian “Democratic Developmental State”, Pellerin, Camille (London School of Economics, London, United Kingdom)
  • Moulding the Authoritarian Citizen: Tax, State and Society in Rwanda and Eritrea, Beswick, Danielle (University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom), Fisher, Jonathan (University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom) and Dill, Brian (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana-Champaign, United States)

Panel 8: Politico-Economic Transformation and Inequality in Africa

  • Questioning the ‘Democratic Dividend’. Evidence from Ghana, Crawford, Gordon (Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relations, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom)
  • Political Subjectivities in the Context of Economic Informalisation in Zimbabwe, Pikovskaia, Kristina (University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom)
  • “The Towns are a White Man’s Kraal”: Developmental Inequality, The Gap Between Rural and Urban Areas in Zimbabwe, Mutimbanyoka, Simbai (University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • Regimes, Repression and Democracy: Transformations in patterns of Rights Governance in Nigeria’s Post-military Politics, Nwokolo, Ndubuisi (School of Government and Society, University of Birmingham, UK, Birmingham, United Kingdom)

Panel 9: The Politics of Gender in Contemporary Africa

  • ‘At the court of gender advocates and mob justice’—The Slapping of Rachel Shebesh, Kenny, Christina (Australian National University, Canberra, Australia)
  • Market Women and Party Politics: Space, Mobility and Politicking in the 2018 Sierra Leonean Elections, Martin, Laura (University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom)
  • Shea Production in Northern Ghana: Local Entrepreneurs in a Global Commodity Chain , Kubo, Alice Mapenzi (Leiden University, African Studies Centre (ASCL), Leiden, Netherlands)

Panel 10: Institutional Transformation and the Political Economy of Governance Reform in East Africa

  • Is there an Ethiopian Developmental State Model?: Influence of Origins and Political Context, Gebresenbet, Fana (Institute for Peace and Security Studies, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
  • Kenya Local Government Budget Rules: Fiscal Responsibility or an Aide to Corruption? Amis, Philip (University of Birminngham, Birmingham, United Kingdom)

Panel 11: Narratives of Power in Kenya’s 2017 Elections and Socioeconomic Consequences

  • Origins of Kikuyu, Kalenjin Elite Pact and Implications for Kenya’s Democratic Development, Biegon, Eliud (Chuka University, Chuka, Kenya)
  • Monikers, Elitism and Socioeconomic Transformations of Voters in Kenya’s 2017 General Elections, Mulemi, Benson (The Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Nairobi, Kenya)
  • Popular Music, Riddles, and Identity Construction in Kenya’s 2017 Presidential Elections: Some Reflections on Raila Odinga, Omenya, Gordon Onyango (Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya)
  • Support or subvert? Assessing Devolution’s Effect on Central power During Kenya’s 2017 Presidential Rerun, Waddilove, Hannah (University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom)

 

 

If you have any queries or suggestions please contact Jonathan Fisher (j.fisher@bham.ac.uk). For panel and paper submissions please follow the instructions on the website  http://www.asauk.net/call-for-papers-and-panels-asauk-2018-now-open/ 

 

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